The following are current members of Knowledge Lab's Metaknowledge Research Network:
Associate Professor, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology & Institute for Society and Genetics , UCLA
ISG Fellow Dr. Michael Alfaro is an Associate Professor in the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology department where he and ISG Associate Director Dr. Jessica Lynch Alfaro run the UCLA Alfaro Lab. The goal of his research is to understand the factors that govern the evolutionary dynamics of organismal diversification. Why are some groups morphologically diverse? Are there general laws or themes that can be used to explain the uneven distribution of diversity in physiological traits across lineages? Does morphological diversity always signal mechanical, functional, or ecological diversity? To address these questions, Alfaro works largely on marine fishes. His research approach is interdisciplinary and quantitative and crosses traditional boundaries among evolutionary morphology, molecular phylogenetics, and theoretical evolution. He identifies and quantifies organismal diversity using morphological and functional morphological techniques; constructs evolutionary trees and tests evolutionary hypotheses using phylogenetic statistical methods; and uses models of trait evolution to explore form-function dynamics.
Professor, Chemical and Biological Engineering Professor, Medicine; HHMI Early Career Scientist, Northwestern University
Professor Amaral, a native of Portugal, conducts and directs research that provides insight into the emergence, evolution, and stability of complex social and biological systems. His research aims to address some of the most pressing challenges facing human societies and the world’s ecosystems, including the mitigation of errors in healthcare settings, the characterization of the conditions fostering innovation and creativity, or the growth limits imposed by sustainability.
Professor, Biology, University of Washington
Carl is a professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Washington and a member of the External Faculty at the Santa Fe Institute.
Professor, Statistics and Computer Science, Columbia University
I am a professor of Statistics and Computer Science at Columbia University. I am also a member of the Institute for Data Sciences and Engineering. I work in the fields of machine learning and Bayesian statistics.
Associate Professor, MIT Media Lab and McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT, MIT
Professor Boyden leads the MIT Media Lab’s Synthetic Neurobiology research group, which develops tools for mapping, controlling, observing, and building dynamic circuits of the brain, and uses these neurotechnologies to understand how cognition and emotion arise from brain network operation, as well as to enable systematic repair of intractable brain disorders such as epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and post-traumatic stress disorder. His research group has invented a suite of “optogenetic” tools that are now in use by thousands of research groups around the world for activating and silencing neurons with light.
Boyden was named to the "Top 35 Innovators Under the Age of 35" by Technology Review in 2006, and to the "Top 20 Brains Under Age 40" by Discover magazine in 2008. He has received the Gabbay Award, National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director's Pioneer Award and Transformative Research Award, the Society for Neuroscience Research Award for Innovation in Neuroscience, the NSF CAREER Award, the Paul Allen Distinguished Investigator Award, and the New York Stem Cell Robertson Investigator Award. In 2010, his work was recognized as the "Method of the Year" by the journal Nature Methods. Most recently he shared the 2013 Grete Lundbeck European Brain Research Prize for outstanding contributions to European neuroscience–the largest neuroscience prize in the world.
Assistant Professor, Oregon Hearing Research Center, Oregon Health and Science University
Stephen V. David joined the OHSU faculty in Febrary 2012. Before coming to OHSU, he received his Ph.D. in Bioengineering from the University of California, Berkeley in 2006 and subsequently completed postdoctoral work in the Institute for Systems Research at the University of Maryland, College Park.
Neuroscience is a new but rapidly growing field, drawing ideas and methodologies from many other fields, including biology, psychology, physics, mathematics and philosophy. Each neuroscientist brings a unique perspective into their work that reflects this diversity. We are studying how academic mentorship, the hands-on training received at the doctoral and postdoctoral level, influences the work of individuals and permits the synthesis of new experimental approaches. Neurotree (http://neurotree.org) is a collaborative, open-access website that tracks and visualizes the academic genealogy. After nine years of growth driven by user-generated content, the site has captured information about the mentorship of over 45,000 neuroscientists. It has become a unique tool for a community of primary researchers, students, journal editors, and the press. The database allows us to explore the evolution of new ideas and how mentorship has contributed their development. We are exploring new ways to improve the quality of the existing data and ways to link Neurotree to other datasets, such as publication and grant databases. Inspired by Neurotree's example, genealogies have been launched for a number of other fields under auspices of the Academic Family Tree, which aims to build a single genealogy across all academic fields.
Director, Knowledge Lab; Associate Professor, Sociology, University of Chicago; Fellow, Computation Institute
I am Director of Knowledge Lab, senior fellow at the Computation Institute, associate professor of Sociology and the College, and member of the Committee on Conceptual and Historical Studies of Science at the University of Chicago. My research focuses on the collective system of thinking and knowing, ranging from the distribution of attention and intuition, the origin of ideas and shared habits of reasoning to processes of agreement (and dispute), accumulation of certainty (and doubt), and the texture--novelty, ambiguity, topology--of human understanding.
Co-Director, Center for Complexity and Collective Computation, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Jessica’s research focuses on uncertainty reduction, coarse-graining and collective computation in nature and their role in the origins of biological space-time—that is, the evolution and development of hierarchical structure with multiple, functionally significant time and space scales.
Director, Computation Institute; Senior Scientist, Mathematics and Computer Science (MCS) at Argonne National Laboratory; Executive Advisory Committee Member and Senior Fellow, Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology (IGSB); Professor, Computer Science, University of Chicago; Professor, Physical Sciences, University of Chicago; Distinguished Fellow, Argonne National Laboratory, University of Chicago
Ian Foster is Director of the Computation Institute, a joint institute of the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory. He is also an Argonne Senior Scientist and Distinguished Fellow and the Arthur Holly Compton Distinguished Service Professor of Computer Science.
Assistant Professor, Sociology, UCLA
I was originally trained as a statistical physicist. Like many physicists, I was drawn to the study of complex systems because it licensed me (after a fashion) to work on all sorts of systems that physicists aren’t “supposed” to—complex networks, evolutionary dynamics, etc. As a graduate student (in physics), I took a spectacular seminar on classical social theory (Marx, Weber, Durkheim, Parsons, Merton, Elias, etc.).
Assistant Professor, Media Arts and Sciences, MIT Media Lab
César A. Hidalgo heads the Macro Connections group at The MIT Media Lab and is also the ABC Career Development Professor of Media Arts and Sciences at MIT. Hidalgo's work focuses on understanding the evolution of information in natural, social, and economic systems, and on the development of big data visualization engines designed to make available unwieldy volumes of data. Hidalgo's academic publications have been cited more than 4,500 times and his visualization engines have received more than 5 million visits. He is the author of Why Information Grows (Penguin UK, Basic Books US, Forthcoming June 2, 2015) and the co-author of The Atlas of Economic Complexity (MIT Press).
C. F. Rehnborg Professor in Disease Prevention, Medicine; Professor, Health Research & Policy; Professor (By courtesy), Statistics, Stanford University
I have worked in the fields of evidence-based medicine, clinical investigation, clinical and molecular epidemiology, clinical research methodology, empirical research methods, statistics, and genomics. I have a strong interest in large-scale evidence (in particular randomized trials and meta-analyses) and in appraisal and control of diverse biases in biomedical research.
Associate Professor, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation/Physiology, Northwestern University
The research of the Bayesian Behavior group shows that movement and movement learning can be understood in terms of statistical principles. Our Sensors (Eyes, Ears, Skin etc) are not perfect but are noisy. Moreover, our muscles are noisy and if we try to do the same movement over and over it will be different each time. This means that if we make a movement, say swing a golf club, we will have uncertainty in the potential movement outcomes. Our group studies how people make movement decisions in the presence of such uncertainty.
Our research has four main thrusts:
- We advance big Data approaches to neuroscience
- We study experimentally how people move and how their movements are affected by uncertainty.
- We build computational models using Bayesian statistics to calculate how people could move optimally or learn to move optimally.
- We build Bayesian Algorithms to solve problems that we find interesting. For example we analyze how neurons are connected in the nervous system.
The main thrust of our current research is to allow for better rehabilitation procedures through an understanding of motor learning.
Our lab is part of Northwestern University, Departments Physiology and PM&R. It is associated with Northwestern Department of applied math. Our laboratory is part of the rehabilitation institute of Chicago.
Director, Wisconsin Institute for Discovery; Co-Director, Center for Complexity and Collective Computation; Professor, Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison
A graduate of the University of London, where he went on to earn a master’s degree in computer science and mathematics, David Krakauer received his D.Phil. in evolutionary theory from Oxford University in 1995. He remained at Oxford as a postdoctoral research fellow and two years later was named a Wellcome Research Fellow in mathematical biology and lecturer at Pembroke College.
Associate Professor, Sociology, UCLA
My work takes place at the intersection of the life and social sciences. In general, the social and historical study of biotechnology and life science, from 1900 to now, is my area of specialization.
Professor, Department of Computer Science; Professor, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, UCLA
Prof. Lee has been a Faculty member in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry since 1998. His training provided an unusual combination of experimental cell biology, biophysics, and algorithm development, which he has applied at UCLA to bioinformatics analysis of genome evolution. He has led efforts to establish a bioinformatics Ph.D. program at UCLA. He has served on the Board of Scientific Counselors, NIH National Center for Biotechnology Information, and serves on the editorial board of Biology Direct . His current research focuses on alternative splicing and its role in genome evolution.
Research Interest: Bioinformatics
- alternative splicing and genome evolution: genome-wide analysis of the types and functions of alternative splicing, and its apparent role in evolution of mammalian genomes. Alternative splicing appears to have greatly accelerated major evolutionary events such as exon creation, and now is an exciting new area of research in genome evolution
- protein evolutionary pathways. Using a massive dataset of clinical HIV sequences, we have developed new methods to decode the evolutionary pathways by which HIV evolves drug resistance. We have just shown that our methods can measure the detailed "fitness landscape" describing how HIV proteins can evolve, as a kinetic network showing the actual rate of evolution along every possible evolutionary pathway
- graph databases for bioinformatics and genomics. We have developed a general framework for working with genomic data as an abstract graph database, for fundamental problems such as multiple genome alignment query and protein interaction network analysis
Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University
Hod Lipson is a professor of engineering at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, and a co-author of the recent book “Fabricated: The New World of 3D printing”. His work on self-aware and self-replicating robots, food printing, and bio-printing has received widespread media coverage including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, Time, CNN, and the National Public Radio. Lipson has co-authored over 200 technical papers and speaks frequently at high-profile venues such as TED and the US National Academies. Hod directs the Creative Machines Lab, which pioneers new ways to make machines that create, and machines that are creative.
My relatively broad spectrum of research projects focus on what I consider to be two “grand challenges” of engineering: (a) Can we design machines that can design other machines, and (b) Can we make machines that can make other machines. Both of these questions lie at the crux of understanding the engineering process itself, and progress on these fronts can offer huge leverage in our ability to design, make and maintain increasingly complex systems in the future. Biological life has answered these challenges in ways that dwarf the best teams of human engineers; I therefore use primarily biologically-inspired approaches, as they bring new ideas to engineering and new engineering insight into biology.
Associate Professor, Japanese Literature, East Asian Languages and Civilizations; Co-Director, Text Lab, University of Chicago
Hoyt comes to Metaknowledge with an interest in how social network analysis, corpus analysis, and other computational methods can facilitate large-scale comparative inquiries into the social dynamics of cultural production. Specifically, he is interested in what these methods can tell us about the diffusion of artistic style and form, the role of formal and informal social ties in shaping such processes, and the emergence of system-level dynamics across linguistic and political boundaries. Along these lines, he Directs a collaborative initiative with Richard So called ‘Text Lab’, which applies these methods to the study of global modernism in the early 20th century.
Assistant Professor, Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison
Language is one of the defining traits of our species. It, of course, allows for the accumulation and communication of knowledge. But in addition to its uses in communication, the acquisition and use of language appears to augment the human brain in important ways. The aim of my primary line of research is to investigate and delineate these extra-communicative functions of language.
Researcher, Microsoft Research
I am a researcher at Microsoft Research in Redmond, WA. My research interest is in advancing machine learning and natural language processing to automate discovery in genomics and precision medicine.
Professor, Department of Medicine; Professor, Department of Human Genetics; Senior Fellow, Computation Institute; Senior Fellow, Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, University of Chicago
My main interest is in gaining an (asymptotic) understanding how phenotypes, such as human healthy diversity and maladies, are implemented at the level of genes and networks of interacting molecules.
Professor, History, Harvard University
I am a student of early human history; in my teaching and research, I cover a span of time from humanity’s deep history in Africa to Mediterranean Europe in the later middle ages. The overarching intellectual project of my work in recent years has been to identify and develop new frames or narratives for binding human history together into a seamless whole.
Assistant Professor, English; Co-Director, Text Lab, University of Chicago
For the Metaknowledge project, he is working on computational and quantitative approaches to the study of cultural and aesthetic forms. He is particularly interested in using new social-scientific methods, such as Social Network Analysis and Natural Language Processing, to study the emergence, diffusion, and reproduction of ideas and literary styles within modern U.S. culture. He combines this approach with traditional humanist modes of textual explication and archival research to model a form of analysis that mediates between close and distant reading. One specific project he is developing (1) maps the different ideological and literary schools of modern U.S. culture, such as African-American literature and conservative "Ayn Rand" thought, on a macro-scale; (2) empirically identifies their respective patterns of rhetoric and language; and (3) examines their competitive modes of interaction through the exchange or rejection of "memes." The major question he is interested in is: how do rhetorical and ideological forms induce broader social affiliations or cliques?
Assistant Professor of Statistical Science, Duke University
Rebecca C. Steorts is an Assistant Professor of Statistical Science at Duke University with affiliations in the information initiative at Duke (iid) and the Social Science Research Institute (SSRI). She received her B.S. in Mathematics in 2005 from Davidson College, her MS in Mathematical Sciences in 2007 from Clemson University, and her PhD in 2012 from the Department of Statistics at the University of Florida under the supervision of Malay Ghosh. She is currently a Visiting Assistant Professor in the Statistics Department at Carnegie Mellon University. Rebecca is a recipient of the Graduate Alumni Fellowship Award (2007-2010) from the University of Florida and the U.S. Census Bureau Dissertation Fellowship Award (2010-2011). In 2011, she was awarded the UF Innovation through Institutional Integration Program (I-Cubed) and NSF for development of an introductory Bayesian course for undergraduates. She has also been awarded Finalist for the 2012 Leonard J. Savage Thesis Award in Applied Methodology. She is interested in scalable computational methods for social science applications. Her current works focuses on recovering high dimensional objects from degraded data and determining how to recover the underlying structure. Methods used for this are entity resolution, small area estimation, locality sensitive hashing, and privacy-preserving record linkage as applied to medical studies, fmri studies, human rights violations, and estimation of poverty rates in hard to reach domains. Her research was on record linkage and sparse clustering was recently funded by the John Templeton Foundation, MetaKnowledge Network Grants Awarded, November 2014. Also, her work on privacy and record linkage was just funded by the National Science Foundation. She was recently named to MIT Technology Review's 35 Innovators Under 35 for 2015 as a humantarian in the field of software. Her work will be profiled in the Septmember/October issue of MIT Technology Review and she will be recognized at a special ceremony along with an invited talk at EmTech in November 2015.
Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Notre Dame
I'm an assistant professor in the College of Engineering at the University of Notre Dame, with appointments in the Interdisciplinary Center for Network Science and Applications (iCeNSA) and the Department of Computer Science and Engineering. I joined the faculty in August 2013, after completing my Ph.D. in Computer Science at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.
I work in network science, with a particular focus on multimodal/heterogeneous information networks. My research lies at the intersection of machine learning and databases and information retrieval.
Assistant Professor, Information School, University of Washington
I am an assistant professor in the Information School at the University of Washington. We like maps and information. The research I do aims to map large networks in order to understand the flow of information. I co-founded Eigenfactor.org. This research project aims to rank and map science, in hopes of building better tools for navigating the ever expanding scholarly literature.
I have been lucky in my research journal so far. I have had the best graduate and post-doctoral mentors a graduate. I have worked in departments and universities that encourage the type of interdisciplinary work I enjoy doing, and I have pursued questions that keep me thinking inside and outside the lab.
I grew up in the small town of Ammon, Idaho. It doesn’t house any great scientists, but it does offer close proximity to skiing and the outdoors—something I enjoy very much. I attended Utah Sate University, originally to play tennis and to enjoy some of the best snow on earth. After finishing a bachelor’s degree in biology, I took a two year tennis-pro hiatus and traveled. I returned to USU and completed a Masters degree with Keith Mott and David Peak. The research I did with them explored a topic at the cross section of physics, biology and computer science. I looked at how stomatal networks on the surface of a leaf perform a distributed computation. This work hooked my interests to the field of complexity—an area of science that is ambiguous, messy and full of questions that will take generations to sort out.
In the fall of 2004, I visited the University of Washington and met with Carl Bergstrom in the Department of Biology. After a three-day conversation in three hours about the role of information in biology, I knew I had found the right place. During my PhD, I was introduced to citation networks as a model system for studying information flow in social and biological systems. It is also ignited my passion for improving scholarly communication and led to the Eigenfactor Project. The project continues to grow and now includes research in mapping, information visualization, gender research, economics of scholarly publishing, and recommendation For my post-doc, I was fortunate to continue working in the area of networks and mapping while working with Martin Rosvall at Umea University (Sweden).
Professor, Department of Sociology; Director, Center for International Science, Technology, and Cultural Policy, UCLA
My training is in organizational sociology, institutional theory, economic sociology, and social psychology. My current major interests are on processes and impact of knowledge transmission from basic science to commercial use, especially impact on economic performance of firms, creation of new organizational populations (some of which become new industries), and on productivity growth. I share with Michael Darby an interest in identifying the major mechanisms of knowledge transfer and the institutional infrastructure that cause metamorphic industry change and rapid economic growth. Within the context of basic scientific breakthroughs that are commercially applicable, we are exploring other measures of success such as IPO returns and examining the impact of other means of knowledge transfer such as joint ventures. We are now studying many of the same processes in nanoscience, a newly emerging basic research area with significant commercial potential. To identify institutional infrastructure effects, we are completing a comparative study of biotech in Japan and the U.S. and embarking on a set of major international analyses of the transmission of scientific breakthroughs to commercial use in nanotechnology.